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Jules Verne was born in Nantes, France on February 8, 1828 and died on March 24, 1905. 
He wrote Journey to The Center of The Earth in 1864.
The book starts in the year 1863 with the narrator's uncle, Professor Liedenbrock, rushing into his house inHamburg, Germany. Axel (the narrator) is left alone by the housekeeper Martha to argue with the professor because he is home so early. OttoLiedenbrock is a professor at Johannaeum. He is not a fast-talker, but is very capable at science. Axel his nephew is his laboratory assistant. Although he first tries to flee his uncle, Axel decides to go after him because the only person he likes is his nephew. 

In the second chapter when Axel enters the study, his uncle exclaims "Here's a remarkable book! What a wonderful book!" He goes on to tellhim that the book is by Heims Kringla of Snorre Turlleson, a famous Icelandic author of the twelfth century that tells about the Norwegian princes who ruled Iceland. He can read it even though it is written in old Icelandic because he speaks many languages. 

The third chapter starts with the professor and his nephew trying to decipher the Icelandic manuscript.

The professor is positive it isRunic, so he dictates what several letters should be in English in a coded part of the manuscript to Axel. Still not able to decipher the code, he starts thinking it might be a secret of an important idea. Then he translates a name he finds in the first few pages of the manuscript that is an old Icelandic alchemist of the sixteenth centuryArne Saknussemm. He decides the manuscript must be writtenin Latin because Saknussemm was proficient in that language. They learn of a possible route to the center of the earth from their translation of the manuscript. The starting point is an extinct volano Sneffels. The pair decide to go to Iceland to try to find the way to the center of the earth. 

On their way to Iceland, a Danish guide named Hans Bjelke is recommended to them for their journey.With the help of Hans, they finally reach the 5,000 feet high Sneffels volcano. The journey down to the center of the earth begins when they find the top of the crater. The professor remarks that the forms of the volcanic rocks agree with the findings of Davy. Soon they are six thousand feet farther below sea level than anyone has ever been. They find a cavern that is one hundred feet wide and onehundred and fifty feet high. Jules Verne writes that a geologist could trace all the phases of the carboniferous period by studying this cavern.

They see plants without flowers because they do not have any sunlight. They do not see many trees, but find ferns, tall grasses, and lycopods. They suddenly realize they are not on Saknussemm's road and so they must go back. Soon they also run out ofwater. Later on Hans calls out that he has found water. They follow Hans, and hear the sounds of a rushing subterranean river, but they cannot see or touch it because of a granite wall. Hans uses a pickaxe to try to break the wall down for over one hour. Finally they break the wall down, but the water is at the boiling point, so they wait until it cools before they drink it. 

They calculatethat they are 1,600 leagues or 4,500 miles below the surface of the earth. Professor Liedenbrock finds that they are below the ocean now. But he cannot explain why the temperature is not 2,732 degrees Fahrenheit as it should be according to the law of increasing temperature. While Axel is examining granite rock, he looks up, but cannot see his uncle or Hans. He decides to return back along hisfootsteps because he expects them to be behind him. But he loses sight of the stream they had been following. He becomes very scared and loses consciousness. But soon after that he hears voices and cries out for help. It turns out to be his uncle and Hans, but a granite wall separates them and Axel. Axel's uncle tells him to keep walking until he runs into him, but that it might be several miles...
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