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A THERMIE PROGRAMME ACTION

Combustion and Gasification of Agricultural Biomass - Technologies and Applications

European Commission Directorate-General for Energy (DG XVII)

R. E

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THERMIE (1990 - 1994)
This is an important European Community programme designed to promote the greater use of European energy technology. Its aim is to assist the European Union in achieving itsfundamental objectives:
x improving the enrgy supply prospects of the European Union; x reducing

JOULE THERMIE (1995 - 1998)
The first THERMIE Programme for the demonstration and promotion of new, clean and efficient technologies in the fields of rational use of energy, renewable enrgies, solid fuels and hydrocarbons, came to an end in December 1994. In January 1995, the programme was renewedas part of the new NonNuclear Energy Programme, better known as JOULE-THERMIE, within the European Community’s Fourth Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration. As prescribed in the Treaty on European Union, this programme brings together for the first time the research and development aspects of JOULE (managed by the DirectorateGeneral for Science, Research andDevelopment, DG XII), with the demonstration and promotion activities of THERMIE (managed by the Directorate-General for Energy, DG XVII). A budget of 532 MECU has been allocated to the THERMIE component for the period 1995-1998.

environmental pollution by decreasing emissions, particularly those of CO2, SO2 and NOx; above all small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs);

x strengthening thecompetitive position of European industry,

x promoting

the transfer of technology to Third Countries;

x strengthening

economic and social cohesion within the European Union.

The majority of the funds of the THERMIE Programme are devoted to financial support of projects which aim to apply new and innovative energy technologies for the production, conversion and use of energy in thefollowing areas:
x rational use of energy in buildings, industry, energy industry

THERMIE Colour Coding
To enable readers to quickly identify those maxibrochures relating to specific parts of the THERMIE Programme, each maxibrochure is colour coded with a stripe in the lower right hand corner of the front cover, i.e.:

and transport;
x renewable energy sources such as solar energy, energyfrom

SOLID FUELS RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES RATIONAL USE OF ENERGY HYDROCARBONS
This maxibrochure was produced in the framework of the former THERMIE Programme (1990-1994). Further information on the material contained in this publication, or on other THERMIE activities, may be obtained from one of the organisations listed inside the back cover. This maxibrochure was produced in the framework ofthe former THERMIE Programme (1990-1994). Further information on the material contained in this publication, or on other THERMIE activities, may be obtained from one of the organisations listed inside the back cover.

biomass and waste as well as geothermal, hydroelectric and wind energy;
x solid fuels, in the areas of combustion, conversion (liquefaction

and gasification), use of wastes andgasification integrated in a combined cycle;
x hydrocarbons,

their exploration, production, transport and

storage. The THERMIE Programme (1990-1994) includes a provision for the enhanced dissemination of information to encourage a wider application and use of successful energy technologies. This information is brought together, for example, in publications such as this maxibrochure.Maxibrochures provide an invaluable source of information for those who wish to discover the state of the art of a particular technology or within a particular sector. The information they contain is drawn from all Member States and therefore provides a pan-European assessment. To guarantee the maximum effectiveness of the funds available, the THERMIE Programme (1990-1994) includes an element for the...
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