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History - The history of Italy has strongly influenced the culture and social costarde, both in Europe and in the rest of the world. It was the cradle of the Etruscan civilization, the Magna Graecia, the Roman civilization, the Catholic Church, the maritime republics of Humanism, the Renaissance and fascism. It was the birthplace of many artists, scientists, musicians, writers, explorers.Geography - Italy is located in Southern Europe and comprises the Italian peninsula and a number of islands including the two largest, Sicily and Sardinia. The country's total area is 301,230 km ². It borders the Adriatic, Ionian and Tyrrhenian and the countries France, Austria, Slovenia and Switzerland.
Culture - Italy is one of the countries that had and has more influence on European culture andworld in all areas of art and culture. They are Italian names, great polymaths, artists and geniuses as Dante, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Enrico Fermi.
Sights - the Colosseum, the Milan Cathedral and Florence cathedral, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and the building designs of Venice are found in Italy.
ART - Italy is the birthplace of many artistic and intellectual movement that spread acrossEurope and the world, as the Renaissance and Baroque. The Italian contribution to art and culture comes from the works of Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Botticelli, Fra Angelico, Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Bernini, Raphael and Titian, among others.
LITERATURE - The basis of the modern Italian language was established by the Florentine poet Dante Alighieri, whose work The Divine Comedyis considered the most important of the medieval period. Written in Italian Boccaccio, Castiglione and Luigi Pirandello, and the poets Tasso, Ariosto, Leopardi, and Petrarch, whose style is most famous sonnet, an Italian invention. Great philosophers are Bruno, Ficino, Machiavelli, Vico, Gentile, and Echo
MUSIC - From folk music to classical, the expression of sounds plays an important role inItalian culture. Italy is the birthplace of opera, Claudio Monteverdi. Instruments invented in Italy as the piano and violin performing art forms like let asinfonia, concert, and sonata. Some of the most famous Italian composers Monteverdi and sãoPalestrina, both the Renaissance, composers of BarrocoCorelli and Vivaldi, Paganini and Rossini classics, the romantic Verdi and Puccini and hiscontemporaries Berio and Nono.
SPORT - Italy has a long sporting tradition. In many sports, both individual and team, Italy has good representation and many successes. The most popular sport is by far football. Basketball and volleyball are the next most popular, with Italy with a rich tradition in both. Italy has also got strong traditions in cycling, fencing, tennis, athletics, water polo, rugby, andwinter sports. In men's soccer, Italy is currently the second football team more successful in the world, after Brazil, having won four FIFA World Cups. In men's volleyball, Italy holds three World Championship titles and eight league titles World.
In motorsport, the Italian Scuderia Ferrari is the oldest surviving team in Grand Prix racing, having competed since 1948, and statistically the mostsuccessful Formula One team in history with a record of championships.

CUISINE - Ingredients and dishes vary by region. However, many dishes that were once regional have proliferated in different variations across the country. Cheese and wine are major parts of the cuisine, playing different roles both regionally and nationally withtheir many variations and Denominazione di origine controllata laws (regulated appellation). Coffee, and more particularly espresso coffee, it has become very important for cooking culture of Italy. Some famous dishes and items include pasta, pizza, lasagna, focaccia, and gelato.
Religion - Roman Catholicism is by far the largest religion in the country, although the Catholic Church is no longer...
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