Abraham Lincoln was born in 1809 in the state of Kentucky, in the southern United States. Son of a man of the frontier, had to struggle to survive, with an effort to study while working on a farm and ran a store in Illinois.
Captain Lincoln was a rebellion against the Indians, he spent eight years in the State Legislature of Illinois, in the north, and practiced law for many years in the circuit courts In 1858 Lincoln ran against Stephen A. Douglas to the Senate. He lost the election. But in the debate with Douglas gained a national reputation that won him the Republican nomination for the presidential race in 1860, which he won easily, due to the collapse of the Democratic Party, resulting from the crisis between North and South over slavery (the north was against, and south, in favor).
Lincoln warned the South in his Inaugural Address: "In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war." For him, secession was illegal. He was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union When Confederate batteries fired on Fort Summer and forced its surrender, he called on states 75,000 volunteers. It was the beginning of the Civil War. As president, he transformed the Republican Party into a strong nationalist organization, attracting Northern Democrats to the cause of the Union On 1 January 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared the liberation of slaves.
At the inauguration of the military cemetery at Gettysburg, Lincoln said: "What all of us here solemnly admit that these men did not die in vain, that this nation, with God's grace, will generate a new freedom, and that government of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish from the earth. " He won reelection in 1864, as Union military triumphs heralded an end to war. On his plans for peace, the President was flexible and generous, encouraging Southerners to lay down their arms and return to the... [continua]
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