PHI 103 - Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics
Module 2 Assignment- Allegory of the Cave
Plato was no doubt one of biggest philosopher humankind ever had,the one of the ones. Plato developed the notion that the man is in permanent contact with two realities: the intelligible and the sensitive. The first one is the reality, more concrete, permanent,immutable, and equal to itself. The second are all the things that affect the senses, are dependable realities, mutable and are images of intelligible realities.
Plato uses Socrates concept as an idea,but amplify the concept idea. Plato joint the concepts contributions of Socrates and Parmenides teachings: Unify the Idea of being to the Idea of notion (concept), establishing his theory, the Theory ofIdeas. Plato makes distinction between appearance and reality. If it exist one world of reality and a world of illusions it must find a way of knowing how to distinguish one from the other. We knowthat our illusions (appearances) are diagnostic for our sensations. While our ideas are diagnostics of the world of reality. By that we can see that we can get closer to the reality through out thethinking.
The theory to be deducted by Plato is the illusory appearance, which correspond to the misleading sensitive opinion; the true knowledge is that one that refers to the essences, the ideas. Fromthere we get the platonic ideal and then established the antitheses between the phenomenological worlds, formed by sensitive postulates, and the world of essences that can only be reached byinduction and the definition, the same way Socrates taught.
Plato affirmed that the ideas are alive and not inert, as it would look like for a lot of people. For him the most important idea is to be good,because consist with God’s nature, creator and king of Cosmo. The good cannot be the cause of evil. However the existence of evil cannot be denied, and is the inverse what it opposes to the good. What...