Peep-zeep technique: cardiorespiratory repercussions in mechanically ventilated patients submitted to a coronary artery bypass graft surgery

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PEEP-ZEEP technique: cardiorespiratory repercussions in mechanically ventilated patients submitted to a coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Marcus Vinicius Herbst-Rodrigues*, Vitor OliveiraCarvalho, José Otávio Costa Auler Jr and
Maria Ignez Zanetti Feltrim

Abstract
Background: The PEEP-ZEEP technique is previously described as a lung inflation through a positive pressure enhancement atthe end of expiration (PEEP), followed by rapid lung deflation with an abrupt reduction in the PEEP to 0 cmH2O (ZEEP), associated to a manual bilateral thoracic compression. Aim: To analyze PEEP-ZEEPtechnique’s repercussions on the cardio-respiratory system in immediate postoperative artery graft bypass patients. Methods: 15 patients submitted to a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG)were enrolled prospectively, before, 10 minutes and 30 minutes after the technique. Patients were curarized, intubated, and mechanically ventilated. To perform PEEP-ZEEP technique, saline solution wasinstilled into their orotracheal tube than the patient was reconnected to the ventilator. Afterwards, the PEEP was increased to 15 cmH2O throughout 5 ventilatory cycles and than the PEEP was rapidlyreduced to 0 cmH2O along with manual bilateral thoracic compression. At the end of the procedure, tracheal suction was accomplished.
Results: The inspiratory peak and plateau pressures increased duringthe procedure (p < 0.001) compared with other pressures during the assessment periods; however, they were within lung safe limits. The expiratory flow before the procedure were 33 ± 7.87 L/min,increasing significantly during the procedure to 60 ± 6.54 L/min (p < 0.001), diminishing to 35 ± 8.17 L/min at 10 minutes and to 36 ± 8.48 L/min at 30 minutes. Hemodynamic and oxygenation variables werenot altered. Conclusion: The PEEP-ZEEP technique seems to be safe, without alterations on hemodynamic variables, produces elevated expiratory flow and seems to be an alternative technique for the...
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