Mexican migrant Workers
Colégio Estadual Barão de Mauá |
Data: 02/12/2011 |
Tema: Traduzir o Texto “Mexican |
migrant Workers” |
|Mexican migrant workers.
Trabalhadores migrantes mexicanos.
Mexican migrant workers also suffered special hardship during Depression. Over one million Mexican came to the United States duringthe 1920s. Most of them worked as laborers on farms. They earned very low wages. When the Depression began, many of these jobs were cut.
Some Mexican who lost their jobs decided to return to Mexico.Others, however, were sent home by force. Cities with relief programs did not want to spend money on Mexicans. The federal government called the policy of forcing Mexicans to Leave the United Statesrepatriation. Repatriation means to send a person back to the home country.
Altogether about 400,000 Mexican were children who had been born in the United States. This means they were U.S. citizenswho the government send them to Mexico.
Okies and Arkies. The Depression forced another group to move. These people came from the plains of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas and Missouri. The soil inthis region had been used too much for farming and grazing animals. Beginning in 1993, a terrible drought began. Strong winds blew the dry, dust soil across the plains. The dust storms were called“black blizzards.” As one man put it, “Noon was like night.” People called the region where the drought was Dust Bowl. (see the map on page 114.)
Many farmers in the dust Bowl had to leave their farms.Hundreds of thousands traveled west towards California looking for work. Entire families stuffed themselves and their belongings into creaky old cars that often broke down.
Families without carsclimbed onto freight trains or crammed into buses. Because many migrants came from Oklahoma and Arkansas, people called all of them either “Okies” or “Arkies.”
Okies and Arkies traveling west often...