GROUP 1: RULES FOR ANY MODE OR MODES OF TRANSPORT
EXW (...named place of delivery) Incoterms® 2010 / EX WORKS:
"Ex works" means that the seller fulfills his obligation of delivery when the goods are made available to the buyer at the seller’s premises (factory, warehouse, etc.). The buyer bears all costs involved in taking the goods, from the seller’s premises to the desired destination. The seller has no obligation to load the merchandise on a vehicle; and, if applicable, is not responsible for export customs formalities (buyer responsibilities). This term can be used for any mode of transportation.
This term involves minimal obligation for the seller and maximum obligation for the buyer. EXW is more appropriate for national trade where FFCA is of better use for international trade.
FCA (... named place of delivery) Incoterms® 2010 / FREE CARRIER:
"Free Carrier" means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when he has handed over the goods, cleared for export if applicable, to the carrier appointed by the buyer at the named place (indicate name and address). The risk passes to the buyer at that point, and chooses and pays for the main transportation mode and the carrier.
The seller has no obligations concerning import customs formalities (customs clearance of the goods, payments of duties/taxes, etc.)
CPT (... named place of destination) Incoterms® 2010 / CARRIAGE PAID TO:
"Carriage paid to..." means that the seller chooses the mode of transport and pays the freight up until the named destination. The seller carries out all export customs formalities if required. Even though the seller pays for the freight up to the place of destination, the buyer assumes the risks once the goods are delivered to the carrier chosen by the seller. The seller has fulfills his obligation to deliver when he has handed over the goods to the main carrier and not when the goods arrived at the place of destination.
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