Massoterapia

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  • Publicado : 1 de outubro de 2012
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This qualitative research aimed to analyze the biomedical influence in the context of nurses' formation and professional activities; to reflect about ethical and legal implications of using medicinal plants in nursing care; to argue about the need to configure and delimit this resource as a legitimate instrument for expanding nursing care practice. We used the creative-sensible method anddeveloped dynamics with a group of nurses to produce data, analyzed in the categories "the biomedical influence in the academic-professional orientation of nursing" and "ethical and legal implications in the applicability of medicinal plants in care". Results indicated the need to advance in studies on the nursing diagnosis that implies the prescription of medicinal plants, so that the client is welltaken care of by nurses, thus legitimizing it as an extension of their professional practice. Not as an exclusive territory, but as shared and interdisciplinary health care action.

Descriptors: nursing; nursing care; plants, medicinal

RESUMEN

Esta investigación cualitativa buscó analizar la influencia biomédica en el contexto de formación y actuación profesional de los enfermeros; reflejarsobre las implicaciones éticas y legales del uso de plantas medicinales en la enfermería; discutir la necesidad de configuración y delimitación de este recurso como instrumento legítimo de extensión de la práctica de enfermería. Fue utilizado el método creativo-sensible y el desarrollo de dinámicas junto con un grupo de enfermeras para producir los datos de la investigación, analizados en lascategorías "la influencia biomédica en la orientación académico-profesional de enfermería" y "las implicaciones éticas y legales en la aplicabilidad de plantas medicinales en el cuidado". Los resultados señalaran la necesidad de avanzar en los estudios sobre la diagnosis de enfermería que implica en prescribir plantas medicinales para que el cliente sea bien cuidado por la enfermera y, así, se puedalegitimarla como extensión de su práctica. No como territorio exclusivo, sino como la acción compartida e interdisciplinar en el cuidado de salud.

Descriptores: enfermería; atención de enfermería; plantas medicinales





INTRODUCTION

Discussing the use of medicinal plants in nursing care involves various overlapping aspects. Some of these often impede professional practice and arerestricted to impasses, that is, when conventional, technicist and allopathic practices do not find an immediate exit for solving certain health problems.

In academic teaching, the scientific ideology that has impregnated nursing education since the birth of professional nursing in Brazil until today is based on the rationality of the biomedical model. And, in professional activities, what happensis that nurses tend to reproduce this model uncritically, often ignoring other possibilities of manifesting health knowledge, such as those resulting from popular knowledge.

We believe that these issues difficult the applicability of natural (or non-conventional) therapies by nurses, such as medicinal plants, impeding a broader discussion on the ethical and legal aspects that permeate thisapplicability. What normally happens are parallel or isolated discussions that attend to particular interests and, therefore, are not strong enough to be treated at the level of the Law of Professional Exercise and the Deontological Code of Nursing, which would allow them to sustain changes that could guarantee these therapies as legitimate nursing practices.

In view of the above, this study aimedto: analyze the biomedical influence in the context of nurses' formation and professional activities; reflect about ethical and legal implications of using medicinal plants in nursing care; and argue about the need to configure and delimit this resource as a legitimate instrument for expanding nursing care practice.



LITERATURE REVIEW

The therapeutic use of medicinal plants in human...
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