Disciplina: Estrutura e Organização da Educação
Professor: Msc. Djalma Silveira
At present the education is considered one of the most important sectors for the development of a nation. It is through the production of knowledge that a country grows, increasing his income and quality of life. Though Brazil hasadvanced very much in the last decades still has much to be done.
The school, in general mode, specially in courses of graduation, it was transformed in object of social and familiar ascent.
An study carried out by a state newspaper indicates what a third of the Brazilians frequent daily the school.
There are some years behind, when we, components of the group we were childish, the news sectionswere publishing constantly reports on the alarming level of the illiteracy in Brazil. News as those is not seen more how before, as a matter of fact, today one speaks on the danger of the digital illiteracy. Nowadays the opportunities are different, the old ones learn to write with the grandchildren or in programs like education of young persons and adults, results of the social and educationadvancement.
The constitutional process suffers changes in the education from the constitution of 1988, such changes took place due to the economical, social, political and cultural disorders, turning in an intense conflict between government organizations, producing brusque alterations of customs and conducts, having so, the necessity of creation and alterations of laws, for which they look thereality to adapt, influencing in the practice of citizenship.
Because of a necessity and the demand of the society, to what it refers to the education created education standards that were including the dynamic one and the pedagogic science, which does not adapt the Brazilian reality.
So, a law was established for the education, the Law of Directives and Bases of the Brazilian Education, the LDBopening a spacious fan for the teaching practice, in the attempt of unifying standards and delegating autonomy to the school, teaching administrators and pupils, reaching not only the students, but the society.
This federal law was told by the charter magna, LDB, regularized whose nº9394 of December of 1996, coming into force in 1997, with a highly flexible vision.
The LDB is composed of ninetitles, five chapters and five sections with his ninety two articles, reflecting the 'real' conditions of the Brazilian teaching. Never it can be descumprida, alleging his ignorance; his statutes and regiments must be adapted in the institutions of teaching.
In accordance with the article 12, the system of teaching has obligation of:
To prepare and to execute his pedagogic proposal;
To administer hispeople and his material and financial resources;
To secure the fulfilment of the school days and established hours / classrooms; between others.
One of the aspects that more suffered alteration in the school life, was hundred and eighty school days for two hundred.
There was defined the composition of the school levels like: Basic education formed by the Childlike Education, Basic Teaching andSecondary education; and Superior Education.
The Basic Education has like finality promotes the development to educating, securing the common formation for the exercise of citizenship, progress in the work and superior studies; it is a new and spacious concept, result of great struggle and effort of the educators.
The stages defined by the LDB show to the educandos the importance for thedifferent phases of life.
The Childlike Education has for finality, the integral development of the child, she is composed by two phases: in creche, where it attends children from zero to three years and daily pay-school from four to six years.
The form of valuing is done through daily registers of the development of the child without the objective of promotion.
The educators of this area can take...