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8 TV Will Save the World
In a lot of places, it's the next big thing

Forget Twitter and Facebook, Google and the Kindle. Forget the latest sleek iGadget. Television is still the most influential medium around. Indeed, for many of the poorest regions of the world, it remains the next big thing – poised, finally, toattain truly global ubiquity. And that is a good thing, because the TV revolution is changing lives for the better. Across the developing world, around 45% of households had a TV in 1995; by 2005 the number had climbed above 60%. That's some way behind the U.S., where there are more TVs than people, but it dwarfs worldwide Internet access. Five million more households in sub-Saharan Africa willget a TV over the next five years. In 2005, after the fall of the Taliban, which had outlawed TV, 1 in 5 Afghans had one. The global total is another 150 million by 2013–pushing the numbers to well beyond two-thirds of households. Television's most transformative impact will be on the lives of women. In India, researchers Robert Jensen and Emily Oster found that when cable TV reached villages,women were more likely to go to the market without their husbands' permission and less likely to want a boy rather than a girl. They were more likely to make decisions over child health care and less likely to think that men had the right to beat their wives. TV is also a powerful medium for adult education. In the Indian state of Gujarat, Chitrageet is a hugely popular show that plays Bollywoodsongand dance clips. The routines are subtitled in Gujarati. Within six months, viewers had made a small but significant improvement in their reading skills. Too much TV has been associated with violence, obesity and social isolation. But TV is having a positive impact on the lives of billions worldwide, and as the spread of mobile TV, video cameras and YouTube democratize both access and content, itwill become an even greater force for humbling tyrannical governments and tyrannical husbands alike.
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Kenny, a development economist, is the author of a forthcoming book on innovation, ideas and the global standard of living TIME, March 22, 2010



De acordo com o texto, o argumento que melhor justifica o título TV Will Save the World é:a) a TV se tornará um meio ainda mais importante para enfraquecer governos e maridos tirânicos. b) a TV possibilitará melhoras na educação dos adultos, principalmente no desenvolvimento das habilidades de leitura. c) a TV continuará exercendo um impacto positivo nos países em desenvolvimento. d) TV propiciará a diminuição da obesidade, da violência e do isolamento social. e) a TV trará melhoraspara a vida de mulheres afegãs.

Pela leitura do texto, conclui-se que o argumento que melhor justifica o título “TV Will Save the World” é “a TV continuará exercendo um impacto positivo nos países em desenvolvimento.”



Sobre a presença da TV no mundo, o texto informa que, a) em países em desenvolvimento, haverá mais aparelhos de TV do que pessoas até 2013. b) até 2013, maisde 2/3 das famílias, em todo o mundo, terão aparelhos de TV. c) depois da queda do Talibã, a TV foi declarada ilegal e poucos afegãos possuem um aparelho. d) em 2005, nos países em desenvolvimento, o número de televisores diminuiu drasticamente. e) nos países que possuem o maior número de televisores, o acesso à Internet também e proporcionalmente maior.

O texto informa que até2013, mais de 2/3 das famílias, em todo o mundo, terão aparelhos de TV. Lê-se no texto: “The global total is another 150 million by 2013 – pushing the numbers to well beyond two-thirds of households”. * households = domicílios

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Segundo o texto, um dos impactos que a TV a cabo trouxe para a vida das mulheres indianas foi que elas a)...
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