45th International Chemistry Olympiad Moscow, July 15-24, 2013
I have no doubt that all of you as participants of the International Chemistry Olympiad form an extremely powerful force with enormous innovation potential» Dmitry Livanov
Minister of Science and Education of the Russian Federation
>> p. 4
sity will both give you a warm welcome and hospitality asthe host of the Olympiad 2013, and hold a good platform for your achievements to help you in gaining a foothold on your future life» Victor Sadovnichy
Rector of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences >> p. 4
«I hope the Moscow State Univer-
opening the the 28th IChO in 1996 and 39th IChO in 2007 as if it were yesterday. Now we are about to host the45th Olympiad» Valery Lunin
Dean of the MSU Chemistry Department, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences >> p. 4
«I remember the fireworks
The Formula of The Formula of
Amber is a unique natural decorative material, and over 90% of world amber reserve is accumulated in the Western part of Russia within Kaliningrad region. The uniqueamber-extracting industrial plant is located right here, therefore the regional capital of Kaliningrad city is also the world amber capital.
Ununoctium is the chemical element with so far the largest atomic number (118). It was synthesized in the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna (Moscow region) in 2006. This town is also known as the place where one of the world’s first particleaccelerators (synchrophasotron) was built in 1957 and where a number of trans-uranic elements with atomic numbers of 104, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117 were first synthesized.
Russia is the world leader in natural gas extraction and export (mostly through Gazprom energy company). 90% of Russian and 20% of worldwide gas extraction accrues to a small region of Yamal peninsula located above the ArcticCircle.
The level of carbon dioxide emission is a measure of industry development. Russia here is the 4th in the world. Dozens of energy saving and CO2 emission abatement projects are carried out in our country. The picture shows the world’s biggest and one of the most efficient thermal power stations (located in Surgut).
Titanium, or the“black gold”, is a chemical symbol ofspace exploration. First spaceships were made of titanium alloys. Russia was the first country to launch an artificial Earth satellite (1957) and perform a manned space mission (1961, Yuri Gagarin). To memorize this scientific breakthrough the monument to space explorers was built in Moscow. This monument is entirely covered with titanium plates.
Russia was the first country tostart using nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The world’s first nuclear power station was built in Obninsk (1954). The first nuclear non-military ship (the icebreaker“Lenin”, 1959) was constructed and launched in Russia as well.
Traditionally Russian orthodox churches are crowned by decorated onion-like gilded domes. In sunny days the shining gold makes domes look like burningcandles. The domes are gilded either by galvanostatic plating or by coating them with thin gold leaves. The ancient Russian church of Dormition in Vladimir, one of the oldest Russian cities, was built in the 12th century.
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Mikhail Lomonosov (1711–1765)
The most famous Russian scientist and writer, one the founders of physical chemistry. Discovered the massconservation law (1748), contributed much to various natural sciences. In 1755 established the Moscow State University later named after him. The picture shows the oldest University building.
Dmitry Mendeleev (1834–1907)
The best-known Russian chemist. Discovered the Periodic law (1869), and by using it predicted 11 new elements. Later 5 of these have been found in nature or synthesized in...