Hidden conections

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The Hidden Connections
I am writing this essay, as many people would think and wonder about the title of this book. As many readers come across this book, “The Hidden Connections” many would wonder what it is all about. It brings forth a “new understanding of life” by presenting a “conceptual framework that integrates life’s biological, cognitive, and social dimensions” (Capra, 2002, p.Xvi). Italso brings forth and offers a clear, systematic approach to some of the concerning issues we face that are having negative global impacts especially in this modern world of ever changing technology. This essay also provides an insight into the origins, basic unit or nature of life, the Santiago scientific theory, understanding systems approach, social network, organizations and change,organizations in an economy, economic globalization and its consequences, biotechnology and ecosystem, and finally the role of NGO’s in globalization.
Life is made up of the basic unit called a cell. This unit of life could either be single such as a bacterium, or for example, an amoeba or they could be multiple cells in the case of plants and animals. One major issue that arises is the question ofexistence of these unit cells or organisms. How do they survive or how do they function as basic units and how do they contribute to existence or functioning of the body they support? To answer some of these questions, it is imperative to state that no individual organism can exist in isolation. There is a basic need for co-existence or co-relating between organisms and the entire ecosystem. Forexample, animals depend on the photosynthesis of plants to survive while plants as well depend on carbon dioxide produced from human breathing. Collectively, this interdependency between animals, plants and micro-organisms help sustain and regulate the biosphere and thereby maintaining and supporting the life cycle.
Life is not solely determined by a genetic blueprint, but rather, is an emergentprocess” that involves an “entire epigenetic network” that is constantly reacting to both the physical and chemical constraints of our environment. Biologically, metabolic processes involve large molecules consisting of long chains of hundreds of atoms. These large molecules are referred to as macromolecules and the long chains making up the large molecules consist of protein and nucleic acid oftenreferred to as Deoxyribonucleic acid or simply DNA and Ribonucleic acid or RNA respectively and they make part of the composition of cells. DNA, put together or alongside RNA and proteins are considered to be the major three macromolecules that are very cardinal and essential for all forms of life. Single cells, for example bacteria, is composed of two kinds of proteins namely enzymes and structuralproteins. The main function of enzymes is to act as catalyst i.e. speeding up the reactions in different metabolic processes while structural proteins are part of the cell structure. Additionally, Capra indicates that catalysts increase the rates of chemical reactions without being changed themselves in the process, which make possible reactions that could not take place without them (Capra, 2002).Higher organisms, in contrast, consist of various different types of proteins responsible for different functions such as the hormones, red blood cells responsible for transportation of oxygen or white blood cells or antibodies responsible for our immune system. Metabolism is mainly enhanced by enzymes which are catalytic in nature and in most cases these enzymes are specified by genes. The genesare responsible for controlling and also the provision of stability to all cellular processes. RNA molecules are generally responsible for dissemination of coded information so that synthesis of enzymes from the DNA takes place effectively and efficiently. This implies that the RNA molecules play the role of messengers. The process of synthesis of enzymes from the DNA is very cardinal because...