Greek grammar

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Greek
An Essential Grammar of the Modern Language
Greek: An Essential Grammar of the Modern Language is a concise and user-friendly reference guide to the most important aspects of Modern Greek. It presents a fresh and accessible description of the language in short, readable sections.Explanations are clear and supported by examples throughout. The Grammar is ideal for learners of all levels and is suitable for those involved in independent study and for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types. Features include: • • • • Variety of examples Clear explanations of grammatical terms Discussion of points which often cause problems HighlightedGreek/English comparisons and contrasts

Greek: An Essential Grammar of the Modern Language will help you read, speak and write with greater confidence. David Holton is Reader in Modern Greek at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Selwyn College. Peter Mackridge is Professor of Modern Greek at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St Cross College. Irene Philippaki-Warburton is Professor ofLinguistics at Reading University.

Routledge Essential Grammars Essential Grammars are available for the following languages: Chinese Danish Dutch English Finnish Hungarian Modern Hebrew Norwegian Polish Portuguese Swedish Thai Urdu Other titles of related interest published by Routledge: Greek: A Comprehensive Grammar of the Modern Language By David Holton, Peter Mackridge and IrenePhilippaki-Warburton Colloqual Greek By Niki Watts

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Greek
An Essential Grammar of the Modern Language

David Holton, Peter Mackridge and Irene Philippaki-Warburton

First published2004 by Routledge 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group © 2004 David Holton, Peter Mackridge and Irene Philippaki-Warburton

This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005.
“To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor &Francis or Routledge’s collection of thousands of eBooks please go to www.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk.” All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing fromthe publishers. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested ISBN 0-203-64521-9 Master e-book ISBN

ISBN 0-203-67303-4 (Adobe eReader Format) ISBN 0–415–23210–4 (pbk) 0–415–23209–0 (hbk)

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Contents

Preface Abbreviations and symbols Chapter 1 The alphabet and pronunciation
1.1 The Greek alphabet

xi xiii 1
1 3 3 4 4 7 9 10 10 11 11

Pronunciation 1.2 Vowels 1.3 Combinations of vowels 1.4Consonants 1.5 Combinations of consonants 1.6 Phonological phenomena across word boundaries Stress and intonation 1.7 Word stress 1.8 Enclisis 1.9 Intonation

Chapter 2 The writing system
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Accents (the monotonic system) Other diacritics The use of capital and lower-case letters Punctuation The transcription of foreign names

14
14 15 15 16 18

Chapter 3 The noun and the noun...
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