Gramatical and lexical analysis

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UDC – FACULDADE DINÂMICA DAS CATARATAS
LETRAS – PORTUGUÊS/INGLÊS
ATIVIDADES PRÁTICAS III












GRAMMATICAL ANALYSIS
&
LEXICAL ANALYSIS




FLAVIO RAMOS
EDGAR CRUZ
MARIA ZILDA JARDIM
ROBERTO LEAL






FOZ DO IGUAÇU
2009
ÍNDICE
















I. INTRODUCTION



II. GRAMMATICAL ANALYSIS


III. LEXICAL ANALYSIS



IV.CONCLUSION


V. REFERENCES


INTRODUCTION


The work of grammatical and lexical analysis lead the academics to a deeper research. The purpose was analyse twenty examples about the grammar and twenty-five examples about the lexical of a specific chapter of the book the last of the mohicans. In the lexical analysis was need to find out five phrasal verbs, five collocations, fivelexical sets, five synomys and five antonyms (if all of these were in the same chapter).

The class was devided in some groups with four or three students in each. Each group was supposed to show the analysis that was done for the whole class.




















I – Grammatical analysis
1 – “Uncas was not afraid.” Page: 44 Line: 01

Past simple (in negative form)Use: feelings and states


Form: verb to be in simple past + auxiliary of the negative form.

2 – “Duncan walked through the village.” Page: 44 Line: 06

Past simple


Use: action in the past


Form: verb + ed


3 – “But Duncan did not find Alice and Cora.” Page: 44 Line: 08


Past simple (in negative form)


Use: action in the pastForm: Auxiliary of the past + auxiliary of the negative form + verb in bare infinitive

4 – “Uncas was standing and the chiefs were sitting.” Page: 44 Line: 10

Past continuous

Use: an activity in progress at a particular time in the past

Form: to be in the past + verb in bare infinitive + ING

Obs: When the verb ends with C + V + C the last letter mustbe repeated when the CVC syllable is stressed.

5 – “Magua and two Hurons took the young Mohican out of the meeting-house.
Page: 44 Line: 18
Past simple (irregular form)


Use: action in the past


Form: verb in the past.

6 – “She is dying.” Page: 45 Line: 09

Present continuous

Use: thing happening now, in this moment

Form: to be in thepresent + verb in bare infinitive + ING

Obs: When the verb ends with IE substitute for Y+ING.

7 – “Now the Hurons will not stop me.” Page: 46 Line: 14

Future simple (in negative form)

Use: to express predictions about the future

Form: auxiliary of the future tense + verb in bare infinitive

8 - "I have been unlucky." Page: 46 Line: 16


Presentperfect


Use: to talk about change over a period of time, contrasting the past with the present.
 
Form: Have/has + verb in the past particilpe form
 
9 – “Magua has taken Miss Cora to the village of the Delawares.” Page: 46 Line: 18

Present perfect

Use: to talk about change over a period of time, contrasting the past with the present.

Form: have/has + verb inthe past participle form
 
10 – “There were some blankets cloths and animals’ skins in the room.”
Page: 46 Line: 24
Existencial pronoun

Use: we use there be to say that something exixts.

Form: there be in appropriate verbal tense.

11 – “I must look at this sick woman alone.” Page 46 line 2


Modal verb

Use: we use must to express a necessary orstrong obligation.


Form: must + verb

12 – “Duncan said quietly.” Page: 44 Line: 04

Adverb

Use: we use the adverb to tell how the things happen

Form: you can form many adverbs adding “LY” to an adjective.

13 – “This Mohican is our enemy!” Page: 44 Line: 16/17

Possessive adjective

Use: to refer that something belong or have a relation with...
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