From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Flores (disambiguation).
Flores Island, Indonesia |
Topography of Flores |
Location | South East Asia |
Coordinates | 8°40′29″S121°23′04″ECoordinates: Click the blue globe to open an interactive map.8°40′29″S 121°23′04″E |
Archipelago | Lesser SundaIslands |
Area | 13,540 km2(5,228 sq mi) |
Area rank | 60th |
Highest elevation | 2,370 m (7,780 ft) |
Highest point | Poco Mandasawu |
Province | East Nusa Tenggara |
Largest city | Maumere (pop. 70,000) |
Population | 1,831,000 (as of 2010) |
Density | 135 /km2 (350 /sq mi) |
Flores is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, an islandarc with an estimated area of 14,300 km² extending east from the Java island of Indonesia. The population was 1,831,000 in the 2010 census and the largest town is Maumere. Flores is Portuguese for "flowers".
Flores is located east of Sumbawa and Komodo and west of Lembata and the Alor Archipelago. To the southeast is Timor. To the south, across the Sumba strait, is Sumba and to the north, beyondthe Flores Sea, is Sulawesi.
On 12 December 1992, an earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale occurred, killing 2,500 people in and around Maumere, including islands off the North coast.
Contents [hide] * 1 Homo floresiensis * 2 History * 3 Administration * 4 Flora and fauna * 5 Culture * 6 Tourism * 7 Economy * 8 Gallery * 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References *12 External links |
Main article: Homo floresiensis
In September 2004, at Liang Bua Cave in western Flores, paleoanthropologists discovered small skeletons that they described as a previously unknown hominidspecies, Homo floresiensis. These are informally named hobbits and appear to have stood about 1 m (3.3 ft) tall. The mostcomplete individual (LB1) is dated as 18,000 years old.
Indigenous warrior from Ende, Flores.
Portuguese traders and missionaries came to Flores in the 16th century, mainly to Larantuka and Sikka. Their influence is still discernible in Sikka's language, culture and religion.
The Dominican order was extremely important in thisisland, as well as in the neighbouring islands of Timor and Solor. When in 1613 the Dutch attacked the Fortres of Solor, the population of this fort, led by the Dominicans, moved to the harbor town of Larantuka, on the eastern coast of Flores. This population was mixed, of Portuguese and local islanders descent and Larantuqueiros, Topasses (people that wear heats) or, as Dutch knew them, the 'BlackPortuguese' (Swarte Portugueezen).
The Larantuqueiros or Topasses became the dominant sandalwood trading people of the region for the next 200 years. This group used Portuguese as the language for worship, Malay as the language of trade and a mixed dialect as mother tongue. This was observed by William Dampier, a British Brigadier visiting the Island in 1699:
These [the Topasses] have no Forts,but depend on their Alliance with the Natives: And indeed they are already so mixt, that it is hard to distinguish whether they are Portugueze or Indians. Their Language is Portugueze; and the religion they have, is Romish. They seem in Words to acknowledge the King of Portugal for their Sovereign; yet they will not accept any Officers sent by him. They speak indifferently the Malayan and theirown native Languages, as well as Portugueze.
In 1846, Dutch and Portuguese initiated negotiations towards delimiting the territories but these negotiations led to nowhere. In 1851 the new governor of Timor, Solor and Flores, Lima Lopes, faced with an impoverished administration, agreed to sell eastern Flores and the nearby islands to Dutch in return for a payment of 200,000Florins. Lima...