Major Gerson Rolim Da Silva
School of Advanced Military Studies
United States Army Command and General Staff College
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
MONOGRAPH APPROVAL PAGE
Name of Candidate: Major Gerson Rolim Da Silva
MonographTitle: FARC’s Influence in Brazil
, Monograph Director
Ricardo A. Herrera, Ph.D.
, Seminar Leader
James D. Sisemore, COL
, Director, School of Advanced Military Studies
Thomas C. Graves, COL
Accepted this 23rd day of May 2013 by:
, Director, Graduate Degree Programs
Robert F. Baumann, Ph.D.The opinions and conclusions expressed herein are those of the student author and do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College or any other governmental agency. (References to this study should include the foregoing statement.)
FARC’S INFLUENCE IN BRAZIL, by Major Gerson Rolim Da Silva, 73 pages.
Colombia is one of 10countries which is bordered by Brazil. Colombia also presents the highest risk to Brazilian sovereignty due to the presence of the largest drug trafficker and guerrilla group on the American continent, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). In addition, the region is located in the Amazon forest, one of the richest and most coveted biomes on the planet.
The guerrilla organization that wasborn nearly half a century has undergone periods of growth and weakening, but currently still has the capacity to carry out effective direct or indirect actions. These actions can be characterized as risks to the sovereignty of the countries surrounding Colombia, including Brazil. The FARC can impose many potential threats on Brazilian sovereignty in the Amazonia as well as the entire territory.These threats include drug trafficking, recruiting people of the region to FARC’s cause, weapons trafficking, occupying Brazilian territory to install training bases, and deep relationships with authorities at the highest levels of power. Analyzing the potential of these threats may be conducive to improving the ongoing Brazilian government policy, and consequentially the operational role of theBrazilian Army and its contribution to achieving the strategic goal of maintaining untouchable Brazilian sovereignty.
This work could not have been written without the help of some special individuals. The first group of people I sincerely thank is my thesis committee. I want to recognize the work and effort they put into revising and improving my thesis. Specificexamples of their contributions are: Dr. Ricardo A. Herrera, as the chairman, who took time out of his demanding schedule and oriented me on the right roadmap to achieve the goal of my thesis; and COL James D. Sisemore, my seminar leader, who patiently spent precious time reviewing my monograph and presenting relevant contributions to make it better. I do acknowledge their advice and support in thiseffort. I also thank Mrs. Ann Chapman, who worked by my side helping me to put my monograph into proper format, a difficult task to be done alone.
Thanks to MG Alvaro de Souza Pinheiro, dear chief in Brazil, who sent me plenty of valuable documents which he authored and other relevant articles which allowed me to expand my area of research beyond my original research question.
Finally,without the encouragement and steadfast support of my lovely wife, Elenir Ramires A. da Silva; my dear son, Guilherme; and my gorgeous daughter, Giovanna; this work might have never been completed. They allowed me to work on my monograph by sacrificing time we could have spent together.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MONOGRAPH APPROVAL PAGE 2