Ergonomia

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UNIVERSAL DESIGN : RETHINKING BARRIERS TO QUALITY OF LIFE

TOVE HELEN GRANDE DYB & LAURA VE BERGEN SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE JANUARY 2010

INDEX
Accessibility refers to the “ability to access” WHAT DOES IT MEAN ; “UNIVERSAL DESIGN”? THE ACCESSIBILITY TRIANGLE .....5 .....6 .....3 .....4

WHAT TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION WHEN PLANNING AND DESIGNING ACCESSIBILITY IN TRAVEL .....7ACCESSIBILITY IN THE CITY AND IN THE STREETSCAPE USE OF COLORS USE OF LIGHT .....11 .....12

.....8

TACTILITY AND TEXTURE- Sensing architecture ACOUSTICS .....14 .....15

.....13

USE OF HEALTY MATERIALS

EXAMPLES IN SIGNING AND GUIDELINES EXAPLES OF SMART ADJUSTMENTS IN DETAILS

.....16 .....17

UNIVERSAL DESIGN- CHALLENGING OR, A NECESSARY “EVIL”? .....19 referances and sources .....20 by //Tove Helen Grande Dyb & Laura Ve Bergen School of Architecture January 2010

Accessibility refers to the “ability to access” Impaired and better accessible sorrundings encreases quality of life for everyone ; the toddler, the old, the tired, the injured, the confused, the stressed, the unfocused etc. Good planning and design can help many to a better everyday life. Beeing dependent on othersto manage (seemingly) simple everyday tasks can be a source to frustration ; :traveling to work :entering the trainstation and finding the desired train :bying a ticet :getting on the bus :crossing a street :finding a shop :finding information on the internet :walking on the sidewalk :getting home, etc the challenges can be tiredsome... Knowing about these challenges and knowledge of theconcequenses of not taking them into consideration is the most important tool the proffesional designer has got to make our environment more accessible... Cooperation, knowledge-exchange, good desition-making on the political level and seeking information from the right sources is of great importance. The Norwegian Ministry of The Environment did a pilot-project with 16 Municipalities from 2005-2008. Inthis period seminars were hold including very different levels of the regional and local administration and the community. Planners, responsible for purchasing, municipality advisors, organisationes, engineers, architects, landscape architects, etc... To sucseed in creating good accessible environments all professionals involved needs knowledge so that all details will work together in the finalresults. It is important to realise; sustainable environments are those that can guarantee not only safety, but also usability and autonomous mobility to the highest possible number of people.

GMI-Segway

CASS SCULPTURE 3

WHAT DOES IT MEAN ; “UNIVERSAL DESIGN”? Design is in the therm of Universal Design understood to be a common term for all work prossesses involved in the shaping of thephysical environment. This encompasses community planning, land use, architecture, construction, activity,product development and more. The consept of Universal Design is a strategic approach to planning and design of products and environments in a fashion that promotes an inclusive society that ensures full equality and participation for all, in the greatest extent possible, without the need foradaption or specialized design. Primary aims for the strategy is to promote equality for, and ensure the full partispation in society of individuals with reduced functionality, by removing existing disabling barriers and preventing new ones from emerging. In Norway the therm of “ Universell Utforming” Universal Design, has in some design-circles, maybe due to lack of knowledge on the field, facedproblems beeing embraced. The potentials and challenges that follows the aspect of “designing for everyone” has not been taken fully advantage of in the design-prosess in many projects. The term of universal design is named differently in various regions of the world, small changes that indicate the focus in the different aspects of work to achive the goal of accessebility and selfmanagement in...
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