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Meat Science 86 (2010) 119–128

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Meat Science
j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w. e l s ev i e r. c o m / l o c a t e / m e a t s c i

Review

Preservation technologies for fresh meat – A review
G.H. Zhou a,⁎, X.L. Xu a, Y. Liu b
a b

Lab of Meat Processing and Quality Control, EDU, Nanjing Agricultural University, P. R. China College ofFood Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, P. R. China

a r t i c l e

i n f o

a b s t r a c t
Fresh meat is a highly perishable product due to its biological composition. Many interrelated factors influence the shelf life and freshness of meat such as holding temperature, atmospheric oxygen (O2), endogenous enzymes, moisture, light and most importantly, micro-organisms. Withthe increased demand for high quality, convenience, safety, fresh appearance and an extended shelf life in fresh meat products, alternative non-thermal preservation technologies such as high hydrostatic pressure, superchilling, natural biopreservatives and active packaging have been proposed and investigated. Whilst some of these technologies are efficient at inactivating the micro-organisms mostcommonly related to food-borne diseases, they are not effective against spores. To increase their efficacy against vegetative cells, a combination of several preservation technologies under the so-called hurdle concept has also been investigated. The objective of this review is to describe current methods and developing technologies for preserving fresh meat. The benefits of some new technologies andtheir industrial limitations is presented and discussed. © 2010 The American Meat Science Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Article history: Received 3 February 2010 Received in revised form 19 April 2010 Accepted 23 April 2010 Keywords: Fresh meat Preservation technologies Superchilling HHP Natural biopreservation Packaging

Contents 1. 2. Introduction . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . Refrigeration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1. Chilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2. Freezing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3. Superchilling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.1. Advantage and application . . . 2.3.2. Challenges in superchilling . . . 3. Ionising radiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. Chemical preservatives and biopreservation . . .4.1. Chemical preservatives . . . . . . . . . 4.2. Biopreservation and natural antimicrobials 5. High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) . . . . . . . . 6. Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1. Vacuum packaging (VP) . . . . . . . . . 6.2. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) . . 6.3. Active packaging (AP) . . . . . . . . . . 6.3.1. Antimicrobial packaging . . . . . 7. Hurdle technology (HT) . .. . . . . . . . . . 8. Conclusion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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