Demographics

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Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1963 95,000 —
1968 180,226 +89.7%
1975 557,887 +209.5%
1980 1,042,099 +86.8%
1985 1,379,303 +32.4%
1995 2,411,041 +74.8%
1999 2,938,000 +21.9%
2005 4,106,427 +39.8%
2010 8,264,070 +101.2%
Sources:[4][115]
In 2010, the UAE's population was estimated at 8,264,070,[4] of whom only 13% were UAE nationals or Emiratis,[116] while themajority of the population were expatriates.[117] The country's net migration rate stands at 21.71, the world's highest.[118] In recent years, many expatriates have been demanding citizenship but there is currently no naturalisation process in the UAE.[119]
TWith a male/female sex ratio of 2.2 for the total population and 2.75 for the 15–65 age group, the UAE's gender imbalance is second highest in theworld after Qatar.[120]
In 2009, Emirati citizens accounted for 16.5% of the total population; South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi) constituted the largest group, making up 58.4% of the total; other Asians made up 16.7% while Western expatriates were 8.4% of the total population.[121]
There is a growing presence of Europeans especially in multi-cultural cities such as Dubai [122]Western expatriates, from Europe, Australia, Northern Africa, Africa and Latin America make up 500,000 of the UAE population.[121] The UAE has also attracted a small number of expatriates from countries in Europe, North America, Asia, and Oceania.[123] More than 100,000 British nationals live in the country.[124] The rest of the population were from other Arab states.[1][125]
The average lifeexpectancy is 76.7 years (2012), higher than for any other Arab country.[126][127]
About 88% of the population of the United Arab Emirates is urban.[128]
Religion
Religions in UAE
Religion Percent
Islam

76%
Christianity

9.0%
Others

15%
Islam is the largest and the official state religion of the UAE, though the government follows a policy of tolerance toward other religions andrarely interferes in the activities of non-Muslims.[129]
However, it is illegal in the UAE to spread the ideas of any religion apart from Islam through any form of media as it is considered a form of proselytizing. There are approximately 31 churches throughout the country, one Hindu temple in the region of Bur Dubai,[130] and one Sikh Gurudwara in Jebel Ali.
Based on the Ministry of Economycensus in 2005, 76% of the total population was Muslim, 9% Christian, and 15% other (mainly Hindu).[129] Census figures do not take into account the many "temporary" visitors and workers while also counting Baha'is and Druze as Muslim.[129] Non-Islamic religions are mainly followed by foreigners or expatriates. As the majority of the population are non-citizens, of the citizens 85% are Sunni Muslimwhile 15% are Shi'a Muslims.[129] Omani immigrants are mostly Ibadi, while Sufi influences exist too.[131]
Languages
This section requires expansion. (January 2013)
Arabic is the national and official language of the United Arab Emirates. The Gulf dialect of Arabic is spoken natively by the Emirati people.[132] English is used as a second language.

Education

Student center of the AmericanUniversity of Sharjah.
The education system through secondary level is monitored by the Ministry of Education. It consists of primary schools, middle schools and high schools.[160] The public schools are government-funded and the curriculum is created to match the United Arab Emirates development's goals and values. The medium of instruction in the public school is Arabic with emphasis onEnglish as a second language. There are also many private schools which are internationally accredited. Public schools in the country are free for citizens of the UAE, while the fees for private schools vary.
The higher education system is monitored by the Ministry of Higher Education. The ministry also is responsible for admitting students to its undergraduate institutions.[161]
The literacy rate...
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