Data mining

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IEEE-International Conference On Advances In Engineering, Science And Management (ICAESM -2012) March 30, 31, 2012

CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS BY
USING DATA MINING TECHNIQUES

K. Zakir Hussain, M. Durairaj and G. Rabia lahani Farzana

Abstract

-

Criminology is an area that focuses the

scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and is a
process that aims to identify crimecharacteristics. It is
one of the most important fields where the application
of data mining techniques can produce important
results. A broad analysis of unlawful activity reveals
that all criminal behavior shares a common set of
universal principles. A micro simulation model can be
drawn out by interlinking the universal principles with
the

attributes

of

the

individuals

forprofiling

the

criminal behavior. These principles remain constant;
however, they manifest differently for each individual

Criminal Investigative Analysis (CIA), also
known as criminal profiling [1], is an investigative
tool used within the law enforcement community to
help solve violent crimes. The analysis is based on a
review of evidence from the crime scene and from
witnessesand victims. The analysis is done from both
an investigative and a behavioral perspective. The
analysis can provide insight into the unknown
offender (characteristics and traits) as well as
investigative suggestions and strategies for interviews
and trial.

depending on personality, criminal activity, extrinsic
factors and the attributes of individuals. This paper
elaborates

thecriminal

behavior

analysis

of

the

offenders by using data mining techniques.

Index Terms

-

Universal Principles, Attributes,

Crime Module.

I.

INTRODUCTION

Criminologist proposed that criminality is
not inherited, it is learned, the way it is learned, is
through direct operant conditioning, and imitation or
modelling of others. This application was seen
throughoutthe senseless civil unrest. Imitation or
modelling can play a big part in whether or not a
person is likely to commit a crime. A nwnber of
factors influence the modelling process. For instance,
one tends to imitate those one likes, respects or
admires. Imitation is also more likely if the observer
sees the model being reinforced, if the model displays
pleasure or enjoyment or if imitatingthe model in
itself is being rewarded. An observer, though, may do
the reverse or opposite of what a model does if he or
she dislikes the model, sees the model punished or if
Imitation of the model is being punished.
Psychologists who are involved in profiling criminal
behaviour are likely to have frequent experience with
it. Better understanding of the criminal mind and
behavior isessential to cope with crime.

A CIA cannot replace a thorough
investigation; and the accuracy and detail of a CIA is
limited by the accuracy and detail of the information
on which it is based. CIA does not use crystal balls or
psychic experiences; it is a logical, systematic
approach for analyzing behavior.
Criminal psychology is beginning to focus
on modeling the effect of mental processesand
attributes of individual on offender behavior.
Although criminologists and psychologists can
identify relevant input and output variables, the
processes underlying criminal behavior are only
partly understood. Criminal behavior tends to be
relatively predictable. By making use of the data,
anticipation and prevention of crime can be much
more proactive.

II.
A.

UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLESOF
I 2]
CRIMINAL BERAVIOR

IDEATION

Ideation provides forethought that enables
people to regulate their behavior or serves to
rationalize criminal behavior. For the antisocial or
psychopathic mind, ideation provides a value-free
forwn within which to develop new ways to take
advantage of others or commit criminal acts.
Ideation, a universal experience, presents itself
differently...
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