Assignment 1: Language Analysis
1. She’s meeting Fred at 3 o’clock.
a) Present Progressive + Future Time.
b) Subject + form of the verb To Be + Present Participle.
c) A fixed arrangement in the past referring to future time.
d) Contractions: She is – She’s pronounced [ʃiːz]
of the clock – o’clockpronounced [əˈklɒk]
Weak forms: at – pronounced [ət]
Sentence stress: syllable of Fred
Intonation: falling at the end of the sentence.
e) Conceptual difficulties: confusion among the Present Progressive and the Future Simple and the “Going to” construction: She’s meeting Fred (now), She’ll meet Fred and She’s going to meet Fred. Contraction ’s may causeconfusion with the Present Perfect auxiliary verb “has”, for it has the same contraction ’s: She has / She is = She’s.
Structural: students may omit the auxiliary verb “Be”.
students may say “She meeting…” or “She be meeting…”.
f) A visual of a woman comfortably resting at her living room sofa watching television, a clock hung on the wall behind her showing 11:00 AM and athought bubble coming out of her head with the picture of a man’s head (Fred), with no background so that won’t influence students thinking that Fred is somewhere waiting for her.
g) Is she with Fred now? No.
Is Fred waiting for her? No.
Do they have plans to meet now? No.
Do they have plans to meet at 3 o’clock? Yes.
Past Now Future
2. It’s going to rain.
a) Going to.
b) Subject + form of the verb To Be + going to + Main Verb (bare infinitive).
c) Predict future events, based on present concrete evidence.
d) Contractions: It is – It’s pronounced [ɪts]
Weak forms: to – pronounced [tə]
Sentence stress: syllable of rain.Intonation: falling at the end of the sentence.
e) Conceptual difficulties: confusion between Present Progressive and Going to and confusion between Going to and the Future Simple. Contraction ’s may cause confusion with the Present Perfect auxiliary verb “has”, for it has the same contraction ’s: She has / She is = She’s.
Structural: students may omit the auxiliary verb “be”, preparatory“It” and “to” of “going to”.
students may say “It going to rain”, “Is going to rain” or “It’s going rain”.
f) A visual of two pictures, in the first the sun is shining and the sky is clear. In the second picture the sky is rather dark and covered with clouds.
g) Is it raining (point at the first picture)? No.
Is the sky covered with clouds (point at the firstpicture)? No.
Does it look like rain (point at the first picture)? No
When the sky is dark covered with clouds, does it rain (point at the second picture)? Yes.
Past Now Future
3. Could you open the window, please?
a) Could (question).
b) Modal auxiliary verb Could+ Subject + Main Verb (bare infinitive).
c) Polite request for present action.
d) Contraction: no contractions.
Linking sound: Could you – pronounced [kəd jə]
Weak forms: the – pronounced [ðə]
Sentence stress: first syllable of “window’’.
Intonation: Raising on the word ‘window’ and falling at the end of the sentence.
e) Conceptual difficulties: confusion between thePresent Simple and the Past Simple (can/could).
Structural: students may use can instead of could.
students may say “Can open” or “to open”. Students can add the auxiliary verb ‘do’ to
ask the question. Do you could/can to open the window, please?
f) Realia. The classroom. Windows are shut, the teacher starts to fan himself with a...