American government should provide universal healthcare for all citizens

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The American health system is based on a diverse private health insurance system. It has been questioned for nearly a century. Whole generations of leaders, from Theodore Roosevelt to Bill Clinton, did not get the approval of projects, which were rejected by doctors and health insurance companies. The United States is the only developed country that does not guarantee a comprehensive health carefor its citizens (Procon, 2010). In 1912, President Theodore Roosevelt, began the battle by calling for a single health service, however, leaders did not consider the issue important enough by that time. In 1935, the President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, implemented The Social Security that would support pensions and other benefits to the elderly. In 1948, the campaign for a National Healthsystem took forces again, with the President Truman proposal; nevertheless, it was heavily criticized by the American Medical Association and also compared to communism by the Republicans. Only more than five decades after the first attempt to nationalize healthcare, emerged the first signs of programs that aimed to benefit a small part of the population, the elderly and disabled (Health care timeline,2010). In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a federal law, two government programs. Medicare, which offers health insurance for people 65 years old or more and with certain disabilities or for people of any age with End-Stage Renal Disease. The other one, Medicaid, which is a program that provides healthcare for low-income people (Irive, 2002). After that, many other leaders continuedthe battle trying to unify the system of health. Later on, in 1993, President Clinton presented the most audacious project aiming for universal coverage; however, he did not convince the Congress to embrace it (Health care timeline, 2010). The big issue consists of the two groups that are not included in these two government programs. The first one is the people that have insurance through their jobemployer or they can afford it themselves. The second group is made up of people who do not receive any benefits, either because they are unemployed or cannot afford a private insurance. Moreover, they are not poor enough to qualify in the government program. These two groups are estimated in over 47 million of people. (Smith, 2006). Over time, the American population has increased and thecountry has experienced a difficult economic crisis. In addition, the cost of healthcare has become increasingly unaffordable for many working families. According Singer, “premium for family coverage have increased 78 percent since 2011, while wages have risen just 19 percent and the cost of living has climbed 17 percent ” (Singer, 2008, para. 7). It shows that in recent years, premium costs for familycoverage has escalated disproportionately, in comparison with wages, which have had a subtle increased. As a result, many families cannot afford it. Finally in 2010, the President of the United States, Barack Obama, initiated the biggest change in the history of the American health care system. He signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) that increases health care coverage toinclude 32 million previously uninsured Americans, among other things. Under the new law, 95% of Americans will be insured (Procon, 2010). The beginning of Universal Health Care System has been strongly challenged, mainly by physicians and insurance companies, which are arguing that a public system would worsen the quality of health service and would make it extremely unreliable ( Hieb, 2004).It means that the system would lose its quality, if doctors and insurance companies do not continue to be well paid. Furthermore, Hieb says that it is a myth that universal health care will cost less, because the cost the society nowadays is much higher than 10 years ago. ( Hieb, 2004). Even both sides have been arguing for almost a century about the best solution for this controversy matter,...