Academic Writing II
10 October, 2012
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are the most common infections along the entire world. People normally acquire diseases by little lack of knowledge. Most of diseases are more common in third world countries because of the poor conditions of life that they offer to their population. Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a STDsthat normally occurs among teenagers and young adults. AIDS is a huge epidemic disease should to be avoided, therefore it is important to understand the causes, symptoms, and treatments of it.
For our better understanding of the AIDS virus it’s necessary to know the origin of the disease. AIDS is the last stage of HIV infection, when the person´s immune system has difficulties to fight diseasesand certain cancers because of the damage caused by the virus (CDC, 2012). It was found a type of chimpanzee in Africa said by the scientists as the source of the HIV infection. They believed that the HIV virus was transmitted by the chimpanzees to human, when they had contact during hunting activities, where they came to have the chimpanzee as a meat which made them have contact with the animal´sblood (CDC, 2012). In other words, the HIV virus came from West Africa slowly spreading over decades to the rest of the world.
First, it is important to know what the causes of AIDS are. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the name of the virus that causes AIDS. Although, it is not totally understood if HIV is really the virus that cause AIDs as described by the Center for Disease Control& Protection (CDC). On the other hand, “The conclusion after more than 28 years of scientific research is that people, if exposed to HIV through sexual contact or injecting drug use for example, may become infected with HIV. If they become infected, most will eventually develop AIDS.”(CDC, 2012). HIV might not be the mainly virus that cause AIDS, but it certainly plays an important hole over thisdisease. As the CDC describes, It is interesting the fact that even unprotected anal sex can spread the HIV virus, and it is riskier than unprotected vaginal sex, which it is a good point why the gay class, which is more adapted to anal sexual relations, have a big number of people contaminated by the HIV virus. Also, it can be passed from parents to child “HIV can be passed from mother to childduring pregnancy, birth, or breast-feeding.”(CDC, 2012).
Second, the symptoms make we be aware if we have the disease or not. The AIDs symptoms varies from person to person “ In the very early period following HIV infection, there may be signs of an acute, brief, nonspecific viral infection with fever, malaise, rash, arthralgias, and lymphadenopathy, although most patients do not experience this”(Statistical Handbook on Infectious Diseases, 2003). There is a big
Importance to make the HIV exam, mainly if we have a active sexual life with different partners because “The time to infection to clinical diagnosis varies from several years to more than a decade. The time from infection to evidence of antibody formation is about three months. In rare cases, person known to have been infectedwith the virus and to have developed the disease have not produced antibodies.” (Statistical Handbook on Infectious Diseases, 2003). At the same time, AIDS has the later symptoms described by the CDC as: Rapid weight loss; Recurring fever or profuse night sweats; Extreme and unexplained tiredness; Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck; Diarrhea that lasts for morethan a week; Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals; Pneumonia; Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids; Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders. Each of these later symptoms can be related to other illnesses, so the only way to really find out if we have HIV is making the exams. “Therefore, the CDC recommends HIV testing for...