Agroflorestas

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The Pilot Program to Conserve the Brazilian Rain Forest

It's time for Brazil
Federal Government of Brazil President of the Republic Fernando Henrique CardosoMinister of the Environment, Water Resources and the Legal Amazon Gustavo Krause Gonqalves Sobrinho Executive Secretary Sergio Moreira Secretary for the Coordination ofAmazon Affairs Jose Seixas Lourenso

World Bank Rain Forest Unit SCN Quadra 01 Lote A Ed. Corporate Financial Center, Conj. 303/304 70.712-900 Brasilia D.F., Brasil Telefone (55-61) 329-1000; Fax (55-61) 329-1012 1818 H Street,N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433, USA Telephone (202) 473-0596; Fax (202) 522-2105 Conservation and Development of Brazil 's Tropical Forest Regions

Conservation and Development of Brazil's Tropical Forest Regions

Agroforestry Experiences in the Brazilian Amazon: Constraints and Opportunities
by Nigel Smith, Jean Dubois, Dean Current, Ernst Lutz, & Charles Clement

The Pilot Program to Conservethe Brazilian Rain Forest 1998

Smith, N., J. Dubois, D. Current, E. Lutz, & C. Clement. 1998. Agroforestry Experiences in the Brazilian Amazon: Constraints cnd Opportunities. The Pilot Program to Conserve the Brazilian Rain Forest, Brasilia. Brazil.

Nigel Smith is a Professor in the Department of Geography, University of Florida. Gainesville, Florida, USA. Jean Dubois is Director of theBrazilian Agroforestry Network (REFBRAF), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Dean Current is a forest economist at the Center for Research and Training in Tropical Agriculture (CATIE). Turrialba, Costa Rica. Ernst Lutz is a Senior Resource Economistat the World Bank, Washington,D.C., USA. Charles Clement is a Senior Researcher in the Department of Agronomy, National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA),Manaus, Brazil. The views and interpretations presented in this publication are those of the authors and do notnecessarily represent the views andpolicies of the Government of Brazil or ofthe World Bank.

Tableof Contents

Table of Contents ............. i Executive Summary ............ ii Acronyms ............ . . . . . vii Acknowledgments ........... ix 1. Introduction ............ A.Deforestation and Agroforestry ........................................ I B. A Typology of Agroforestry Systems in Amazonia ........................................ 4 Traditional Agroforestry ....................................... S5 Commercial Agroforestry ........................................ 7 C. Agroforestry in a Land Use Perspective ....................................... 9 D. Objectives andConceptual Framework. ........................ ............... 10 11.Methodological Approach ....................................... II A. Field Survey Sites ........................................ 1.1 B. Data Gathering ....................................... 12 III. Constraints to Agroforestry ....................................... 12 A. Socioeconomic and Political Constraints....................................... 12 Markets ................................ 13 Agroindustrial Development ................................ 19 Community Organization at the Local Level................................ 23 Credit ................................ 23 The Regulator) and Fiscal Environment ................................ 28 Land Tenure ................................ 31 B. Technical Constraints................................ 33 Research ................................ 33 Extension .... 39

IV. Agroforestry in Practice ................................... V. UnleashingAgroforestry's Potential ................................... A. MarketIntelligenceand MarketingAssistance ................................... B. ProcessingTechnologyand Infrastructure ................................... C....
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