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Potential for Liquid Biofuels in Fiji
March 2009

SOPAC Miscellaneous Report 677

Community Lifelines Programme
Secretariat of the Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission

This publication is the result of a team effort by Ivan Krishna, Lala Bukarau, Paul Fairbairn and Rupeni Mario of the SOPAC Secretariat.

Coconut plantation on Rotuma, Fiji. Source: SOPAC.

This report hasbeen prepared as a contribution to the Community Lifelines Programme Output CL1.8 Technical Advice and Information on new and developing energy technologies
SOPAC Miscellaneous Report 677

POTENTIAL FOR LIQUID BIOFUELS IN FIJI
March 2009 SOPAC Miscellaneous Report 677

Secretariat of the Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission

SOPAC Miscellaneous Report 677

Community LifelinesProgramme

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Table of Contents
Executive Summary.................................................................................................. 6 1. Introduction and Background............................................................................... 7 2. Types of Biofuels................................................................................................ 9
2.1Ethanol................................................................................................................................ 9 2.2 Butanol................................................................................................................................ 10 2.3Biodiesel.............................................................................................................................. 10 2.4 Synthetic diesel.................................................................................................................... 11

3. Potential Biofuel Feedstock................................................................................. 12
3.1Coconuts..............................................................................................................................12 3.1.1 Other Uses for Coconuts.............................................................................................. 13 3.1.2 Coconut oil use as Diesel Substitute............................................................................. 14 3.2 Sugarcane............................................................................................................................14 3.3 Cassava............................................................................................................................... 15 3.4 Alternative (Non-food) Feedstock........................................................................................... 16 3.4.1Jatropha..................................................................................................................... 16 3.4.2 Pongamia................................................................................................................... 17 3.4.3 Algae......................................................................................................................... 18

4. Production of Biofuels........................................................................................ 194.1 Ethanol Production................................................................................................................ 19 4.1.1 Cassava Ethanol.......................................................................................................... 19 4.1.2 Sugarcane Ethanol....................................................................................................... 204.2 Biodiesel Production............................................................................................................ 22 4.2.1 Coconut Biodiesel....................................................................................................... 22 4.3 Alternative Fuel Production from Waste.................................................................................. 24...
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